Forced air heating system guide
At HVAC.com, our writers create solutions that put you in control of your HVAC system. Our product reviews and recommendations are researched and backed by real buyers and industry experts, not dictated by our partners.
If you’re considering a forced air system for your home, we have three details you don’t want to overlook. Forced air systems are most popular in North America and keep your space warm.
How forced air systems work
Forced air systems use a furnace or heat pump to heat the air and then disperse it through the house via ductwork and in-room vents. Cold air from the home is pulled into the system where it passes through the air filter. Allergens like pollen and dust are removed.
The air then blows through the air handler where it is warmed by the furnace’s heat source and spread to the home through the ducts via the blower motor.
If a heat pump is your primary source of heat, it will immediately begin pulling warm energy from the outdoor air. That warmth passes through the refrigerant lines going into your home, and then through the air handler and into your ducts.
These heating processes repeat themselves until the temperature of the home matches the temperature set at the thermostat.
Pros of forced air systems
There are a variety of benefits provided by a forced air system. Many of these can improve the air quality and energy efficiency of your home. We have highlighted a few of the most important benefits of forced air systems below.
- Air quality and comfort – With regular furnace filter maintenance, a forced air system can improve the air quality in your home. Furnace filters in forced air systems trap allergens and airborne particles that can make breathing difficult or get your family sick. Additionally, dehumidifier or humidifier units can be added to forced air systems to keep the air in your home at a comfortable humidity level without adding excess energy usage.
- Energy efficiency – The government now requires new forced air systems to operate at higher efficiency levels than ever before. These efficiency ratings ensure that your fixed air system will heat your home efficiently without wasting precious heat and hurting your bottom line.
- Combined heating and cooling – Forced air systems are the only HVAC systems that can combine heating and cooling. The ductwork used for the heating aspect of your forced air system can also distribute central air conditioning throughout your home.
Cons of forced air systems
It’s important to know all you can about any considered purchase for your home. While forced air systems have many advantages, no system is perfect. They do have a handful of their own disadvantages, a few of which are highlighted below.
- Uneven air distribution can occur – Forced air systems rely on ducts and vents to distribute air into the rooms of your home. If these vents are blocked by furniture, interior design elements, or poor vent placement, rooms may heat unevenly.
- Can create an unhealthy environment – Without regular furnace filter maintenance, your system could actually spread the kind of airborne particles it is meant to filter out. Forced air systems require simple, regular maintenance to maintain the healthiest air possible.
- Can be noisy – When a home is equipped with an undersized duct system, the noise level of a forced air system can be higher than expected. When the system cycles on, homeowners will hear its fans turning and air being pushed through the vents. If this occurs, have your duct system inspected by an HVAC professional.
Forced air system FAQs
The main difference between central and forced air is that forced air circulates air within a building, conditions the air, and supplies the conditioned air back into the building. Central air applies only to cooling systems and actually uses forced air systems to transport air through ducts and vents. Sometimes people use the terms forced-air and central air interchangeably.
Forced air systems are the most common home heating option and often run off natural gas, propane, or oil. The system takes cold air in through a return vent to the furnace where the air is heated by burning fuel. The air is then sent back through additional ducts using a blower and dispersed throughout a building.
Forced air systems are popular because of their many positive attributes. The filters used in forced air systems trap allergens and other dangerous air particles, creating better air quality in the home. Additionally, forced air systems are required to run at very high-efficiency levels, which means you spend less on your energy bill. The convenience of a 2-in-1 heating and cooling system is also a big draw for many consumers. Finally, forced air systems effectively maintain comfortable levels of humidity in the home.